Inner cheek cancer also called buccal mucosa cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that begins when the cells that make up the inner cheek grow out of control and form lesions or tumors. Buccal mucosa is another name for the inside lining of the cheeks. These cancers usually occur in the thin, flat cells called squamous cells that line the buccal mucosa and other parts of the mouth. Inner cheek cancer is classified as squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer on the outer cheeks is considered skin cancer.
Oral Cavity Tumors
Pathology Outlines - Squamous cell carcinoma - floor of mouth
A typically alert and energetic cat that gradually or suddenly refuses to eat the food that you set out for it each day may be harboring severe discomfort somewhere within its oral cavity—the chamber leading from its lips to its throat. In most cases, the source of the problem will be a readily identifiable and treatable dental problem —periodontal disease, for example, that will quickly respond to therapy possibly requiring the extraction of teeth adjacent to an irritating ulcer. Once treated, the patient can expect to enjoy a normal lifespan—given that its owners institute a strict program of dental care at home. However, the cause may also be the growth of an obtrusive and painful cancerous tumor—a condition that is likely to prove fatal unless promptly diagnosed and successfully treated. Surpassed in frequency of occurrence only by lymphoma , skin cancer, and mammary cancer , oral cavity cancer accounts for about 15 percent to 20 percent of feline malignancies seen each year at the Cornell University Hospital for Animals. In addition to declining appetite—especially for hard food—the signs that an oral cavity tumor is present may include drooling, difficulty in swallowing, bad breath , facial swelling, red and swollen gums, and weight loss. The vulnerable components of the oral cavity include the gums and lips, the hard and soft palates that make up the roof of the mouth, and the tongue.
Mouth cancer can affect any part of the mouth, including the tongue and lips. The most common symptoms are having a sore or ulcer for more than three weeks. You should see your dentist or doctor if you have any symptoms in your mouth that are unusual. The outlook prognosis for people with mouth cancer is good if it is diagnosed early.
The oral cavity and oropharynx help you breathe, talk, eat, chew, and swallow. Minor salivary glands throughout the oral cavity and oropharynx make saliva that keeps your mouth and throat moist and helps you digest food. Many types of tumors abnormal growths of cells can develop in the oral cavity and oropharynx. They fit into 3 general categories:. Many types of benign tumors and tumor-like changes can start in the mouth or throat, such as these:.